Well, for hundreds of years it has been known that horses eat grass, leaves, barley or anything green that is very edible on the ground. But, have you ever imagined these grass-eating animal feasts with freshly cooked salmon, during a sumptuous dinner of a famous western rest, or eating a huge bowl of salad with homemade vinaigrette? you do?
Would you believe if I said they can eat like us humans? In fact, they have these dietary meals that go far beyond these herbs that we really know. To give you some new and fun ideas about the dietary foods of this new horse, I’ve created here a list of human foods that you can explore with that can be added to your horse’s daily meals.
What human foods can a horse eat?
So what are these human foods that a horse can eat?? Knowing that horses are herbivores and that they acquire this unique type of digestive system, they can eat human foods that are really safe for their stomachs. This could be in a variety of succulent fruits like apple, watermelon, plum, orange, peach, pear, coconut, grapefruit, even carrots and bananas with Peel is found to be a good source of fiber which horses basically need for good digestion. Other human foods can also be administered to horses as sweets (or foods for special occasions) in a moderate amount as long as they do not cause poisoning and they can completely take the food and absorb it through their different digestive tract.
What can we give horses as sweets??
Speaking of human food here, I’m sure you’ve already wondered if these horses can also eat meaty foods and even processed foods like sausages, preserves, chips, and chips. Don’t be surprised, but the answer is yes. Horses can eat this type of food, but they need to be cut into smaller or super small pieces. Because? Simply because horses have a fairly long but narrow esophagus and have this little ability to reflux, so they are more likely to suffocate when food is not chewed properly. In addition, horsetails are designed for herb-like foods or for any plant, so it is difficult for them to chew meat and the like, so it is highly advisable to cut these delicacies into smaller pieces because it is easier for them to chew. the food. So that they fully enjoy their delicacies, make sure they can eat them thoroughly.
Aside from these delicacies for your horses, you can also let them have some cereal, regular grains, sunflower seeds, mint, raisins and sugar cubes as a reward when training or just want them to have good cooking sometimes. . Who doesn’t love treats?
However, sweets should be really minimized and should also be considered as one of the contributors to the whole feeding plan of the said animal, because they can also add up its total weight which can affect basically the whole function or physiology of your horse. In fact, you need to consider the health and physique of your horse, especially if you are competing with your horse and need a weight count.
What are the human foods that are not safe to eat?
The foods mentioned above are those human foods that horses can eat and that are also safe to consume. In the other shade, there are also human foods that horses can actually eat, but are considered harmful to their health and it is not recommended to mix or add them to the horses ’diet. These types of foods are:
- Any food or beverage that has caffeine (whether or not it is a major component). Examples are coffee, tea and soft drinks. Caffeine can also affect a horse’s heart by altering its pumping processes. This can also cause some serious heart problems in horses.
- Chocolate products. Theobromine is its main harmful content for animals, not only for horses, but also for cats and dogs. This type of alkaloid can cause mild to severe complications in horses through theobromine poisoning. After mass intake of theobromine in an animal body, effects on metabolic processes can be evident such as dehydration and excitability of the animal. If left untreated, theobromine can cause seizures in animals, in your horses, which can lead to death.
- Garlic and onion. These two are mainly members of the Allium family, along with leeks, chives and chives. These Allium species possess this chemically based component called N-propyl disulfide which can cause animal toxicosis. At first, horses may experience some loss of appetite, depression, and dehydration, but after a few days of absorption, horses and other animals will slowly show signs of red blood cell (red blood cell) loss. These signs may be: secretion of pale mucous membranes, increased rate of respiration, lethargy, jaundice, and dark-colored urine.
- Tomatoes contain atropine and hyoscyamine. Atropine present in the leaves of tomatoes can cause colic to slow down the intestinal function of horses, while hyoscyamine in tomatoes can reduce the amount of saliva produced by the animal. In addition, hyoscamine can increase heart rate and can cause severe constipation and hemorrhagic diarrhea.
How do they process the food they eat?
The digestive system of horses is really quite complex. Horses like chewing or the process of chewing food a bit. They tend to chew and chew more with their different tooth structures and saliva until the food reaches its best state inside their mouth. Because they really chew food well, the nutrients present in the food are easily absorbed. Also with this, there is less chance of suffocation and having colic impacting in the gut and colon.
The horse’s stomach is quite smaller than any other animal and the food only stays there for about 30-45 minutes, so horses tend to eat more often, but in small amounts for food. Most of the digestion process takes place in the small intestine. After the absorption of some of the previously digested materials through the stomach and intestines, the horse’s posterior intestine will be responsible for the microbial fermentation of the fiber, being the main component of the horse’s partial ruminant feed and as natural herbivores. Horses can acquire the energy they need once the volatile fatty acids produced by the hind intestine are already absorbed into the bloodstream of the horses.
What kind of food does a horse normally eat?
Because horses are primarily herbivores, they feed on green, leafy foods that possess a large amount of fiber. Most hay and legumes are what make up the daily meal. The usual type of hay they feed on consists of common grass barns such as orchard grass, prickly pear and coastal Bermuda. With legumes, alfalfa is the most commonly used: a legume rich in protein and calcium.
What is the difference between a human digestive system and a horse?
- Humans absorb food through the mechanical and chemical decomposition of food with the help of enzymes and juices. For horses, they chew their food more than humans and rely primarily on the bacteria present in the back intestine to break down the fibers they consumed and eventually turn them into energy and other absorbable molecules.
- Humans are known to be omnivorous, so they have a shorter, simpler, and faster digestive tract. Fats, proteins and other sugars are being digested much more easily than horses. Humans do not need fermentation, while horses need this process for food processing. Meanwhile, being the opposite of what humans have, horses have long digestive tracts with the presence of a huge cecuma
Other differentiated characteristics of horses?
Horses grow their teeth very constantly due to the frequent chewing of herbs or barns and through the hard diet they have. In addition, they produce a lot of saliva in the mouth. Their stomachs are usually smaller than other animals and the food passes through them quickly and the food that is digested is transferred to the intestines after a few hours.