The Lusita horse, Also called pure blood lusity (PSL), possessing many physical virtues and good character, is among the best breeds of horses, suitable for a large number of equestrian activities.
Here we will talk about this Portuguese horse breed, much appreciated all over the world.
We will learn a little about its history, features and functionality. In addition we will mention coudelarias (yeguadas) more representative and some outstanding units.
Origin and history of the Lusitanian horse
To talk about the origin of the Portuguese horse, we must see it as an integral part of the Iberian Peninsula.
Therefore, it is unlikely to differ significantly from the origin of the Andalusian horse, To which it resembles and in a good part low.
It is believed that the origin of the Lusitanian dates back to a primitive ancestor, the Sorraia, a horse that possibly descended from the Asian wild horse and the Tarpan.
Later this native horse received the influence of horses entered the Iberian Peninsula, especially during the invasion and permanence of the Arabs and Berbers (VIII to XV centuries).
The Portuguese horse arises from the need to have a large amount of good saddle horses for the royal army.
It was widely used as a military and harness horse, with some spread at the time when Portugal colonized South America and was one of the powers of Europe (1500).
On 1748, king Joao V founds the caudelaria Alter Real, incorporating stallions and Andalusian mares of the best lineages, imported of Spain with the intention of improving the national equine young.
Towards the end of the 19th century it was a widespread horse throughout Europe, but with the advent of industrialization the breed lost importance and almost disappeared.
After the Second World War (1945) his selection was reactivated following criteria of elegance and nobility, but above all, trying to maintain the essence of the native Portuguese horse, Focusing on an optimal conformation for the high school and rejoneo.
Characteristics of the Lusitanian horse
The Lusitanian is a mesomorphic type horse (powerful and compact).
Her height fluctuates between 155 and 165 cm.
The head is of medium size with a profile from subconvex to straight. Big, serene-looking eyes, short, straight ears.
The neck is strong, well inserted in the back, with a slight curvature in its upper profile. The cross is discreet and slightly higher than the rump.
The chest of medium width, deep and muscular.
The dorsolumbar line is straight and short, with a rounded and very strong rump.
The insertion of the tail is low and like the manes are silky, long and abundant.
The Lusitanian have almost all the layers including the bayo and the black, but they predominate and they are preferably the torda, the chestnut.
The limbs are long and strong, with well-formed and hard hulls.
Thanks to this short conformation and long limbs, seeing in profile, his body can be inscribed within a square, Unlike many other breeds that are inscribed in a rectangle.
The Lusitanian horse is famous for its intelligence, courage and diligence.
His intelligence allows him to learn easily, well and quickly.
He is loyal and docile, but he also has his level of fervor.
The Lusitanian horse has preserved its roots and traditions. Its selection is the product of an elaborate analysis of functionality.
Its airs are high, with a great power of meeting, Lateral mobility and flexibility. This, added to his brave temperament has been done by a horse born to “break airily before the face of an ox.”
Rejoneadores, such as Diego Ventura, They choose him for his speed and excellent balance to abruptly change direction.
However, in addition to rejoicing and fieldwork with bulls, it is great for high school, classical dressage and even for the show jumping.
The Lusitanian horse is currently bred in various parts of the world. But the largest traditional settlement of the Portuguese coudelarias is located in the regions bordering the great Tagus River.
Very productive agricultural and livestock lands where horses and bulls populate the landscape and where one lives perennial cult of the Portuguese horse.
The tradition and the equestrian culture of Portugal cause that there is a development of the equine breeding through an endless one of coudelarias in the country.
In Golega, the “Portuguese capital of the horse”, the annual national fair of the Portuguese horse is held.
Upon entering this village, there is a roundabout, at the base you can see the irons of all the farmers of the Lusitanian horse association, including the logos of the associations of other countries.
The Alter Real coudelaria, founded in 1748, has remained through time raising Portuguese horses. At present its main objective is the production of horses for the Portuguese school of equestrian art.
The coudelaira Manuel Tavares Veiga, since 1831, is a guarantee of quality and prestige. It is based in Golega, in the Fifth gives Broa, that is the center of this recognized cattle ranch.
the Portuguese association of purebred Portuguese horse breeders, Has edited one catalog of coudelarias nationally and internationally, where you can find in addition to the best players.
Outstanding Portuguese horses
I would not want to end this article without naming a few Lusitanian horses, of the many that have stood out over time.
“Cagancho” .- Horse of Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza, perhaps the most famous horse in the history of the region.
“Guizo”.- Horse of Juan Antonio Jiménez Cobo, who was the first Lusitanian to compete in the Dressage World Cup.
“Novilheiro”.- With John Whitaker, he was champion of England in the European jump circuit.