Horses are wonderful friends who can play sports, participate in competitions, but, as history and modernity show, horses can help with household chores that are particularly useful on a farm, it can be a horse on the farm. harness that drags large enough loads. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of horses in agriculture.
This field of activity of the people appeared in antiquity. And now, for more than a thousand years, horses have been working for the benefit of agriculture. In order to maximize the use of power, breeders specially improved or obtained new ones. Depending on the climate of the country, several breeds were bred.
How much weight can a horse throw on the wheels?
To determine the weight of the horse, follow the guidelines below. On a well-paved road, most horses can carry loads that triple their own weight. On a more or less solid dirt road, you can load the carriage on about two masses of horses.
That is, if your horse weighs 400 kg, the cart can weigh up to 800 kg (of course, along with the cart itself). On free or non-horizontal mountain roads, the cart must not be overloaded with a mass greater than that of the horse itself.
Horse’s ability to lift weights
Regardless of the weight of the wagon load, keep in mind that it is very important to drive smoothly on the road of a horse harness, without shocks, that is, to maintain a steady pace. However, when moving, it is not forbidden to go from step to trot and back. This means that after 15 minutes of running trotting a harnessed horse, it is important to set aside about the same time before returning to the race. This trick will help you travel longer distances in less time.
The 900-pound horse easily pulls one and a half, or even two tons. In terms of mass and strength, horses are usually divided into three categories: A light horse is best for carrying a rider. The mass of this horse is 400-450 kilograms. The medium weight horse is necessary for heavy cavalry. It weighs between 600 and 700 kilograms. Heavyweight horse – harness horse. Using it under the saddle is nonsense: it doesn’t give any significant “sprint”, it doesn’t want to gallop willingly.
Who are the heavy horses?
Heavy trucks: large and strong horse breeds, the purpose of which is the transport of heavy loads. A heavy horse is a fat, sturdy animal with a thick neck. And while they’re not as sleek as sports drivers, there are many more benefits at home. This heavy truck is ready to assist the farmer in transporting goods, cultivable work, hunting trips and more. Diligent breeders around the world for many years brought the perfect assistant for a farmer. This led to the fact that of the 250 types of horses, 40 are considered traction.
What is the traction force?
Thrust force is the total activity of the muscles of the animal that a horse uses when moving agricultural instruments or carts, overcoming its resistance to movement. A normal or optimal force of a horse is the force with which the horse shows normal work capacity without overwork for a long time. The magnitude of the traction force in horses is different:
a) for small, with a live weight of up to 400 kg – 15%;
b) for averages, with f. 400-500 kg: 14%;
c) in general, with f. more than 600 kg – 13% in relation to total body mass.
Large horses, as a rule, differ in greater thrust than smaller ones, but in relation to body weight, in large horses, it is lower in percentage terms.
Heavy or heavily stressed breeds are bred to perform a wide variety of agricultural work since the Middle Ages. Heavy weights: large, quiet and strong horses. Of course, its use as a force has now declined markedly, but horses are still used in agriculture, in many aspects of village life. The ability to stretch depends on the body and age of the horse. It is important to give the animal enough rest and nutrition.