Friesian Horses: Origin, Colors and Feeding

Frisian horses this specimen is one of the most desired horse breeds by most breeders for being this one horse with the perfect harbor and standard.

🐴Origin of Frisian horses

The Frisian horse originated in Friesland, one of the twelve provinces of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Netherlands), located in northwestern Europe. Friesland is an ancient country dating back to 500 BC, when the Frisians settled along the shores of the North Sea. They were merchants, sailors, farmers and horse breeders.

The Frisian horse descends from the Equus robustus. During the 16th and 17th centuries, but probably also before, Arab blood was introduced, especially through Andalusian horses from Spain. This has given them the action of the knee high, the head small and the neck stretched. Due to his temperament, the Frisian horse is considered warm-blooded.

Frisian horses
Origin of Frisian

The Frisian horse has remained free from the influence of English thoroughbred. For the past two centuries he has been bred purebred. Raising horses and trading with them was very important to the Frisians. The monks in the many monasteries in Friesland before the Reformation bred many horses. Over the centuries, the Friesian Government has made many regulations to safeguard good breeding. Now, the 1939 Dutch Horselaw (modified) gives rules for the Studbook and breeding.

From records from the past we know that the Frisian horse of yesteryear was famous. There is information from 1251 and there are books in which Frisian horses have been mentioned and praised since the 16th century.

The ancient armored knights considered this horse very desirable, as they had the strength to carry a great weight in battle and still maneuver quickly. Later, its flexibility and agility made the breed highly sought after for use in riding schools in Paris and Spain during the 15th and 16th centuries. Before an elegant carriage, this breed has few rivals, and throughout Europe the royal courts used them as coach horses.

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An excellent trotter, the Frisian was used to run short distances in Holland, and the winners received whips of silver or gold. Today in Friesland there are many transport events and often see sjees, the Frisian form of the chair. This unique two-wheeled chariot can be towed by one or two horses, and on board are a gentleman and a lady dressed in the traditional costumes of the 1880s.

Frisian horses
They have great resistance

The axles is one of the few wagons in which the driver is sitting on the left; his lady occupies the right side, the place of honor. Four-in-hand cars are common and can be seen up to ten in front of light cars. These large and unusual hooks used for demonstration purposes are becoming very popular. The Frisian people are proud of the natural skill of their black horse with harness.

♟Friesian horse breed

The Frisian breed is one of the oldest domesticated breeds in Europe. It is native to the province of Friesland in the north of the Netherlands. The Frisian suffered a decrease in numbers with the increase of mechanization on the farm and in transport. In fact, the number of Frisian stallions was supposedly reduced to only three before World War I.

The breed was rejuvenated by introducing Oldenburg blood. In recent years, the breed has attracted a great reception and its future seems assured. Frisian is used for light agricultural work. It is traditionally used in harnesses to paint Frisian concerts. Frisian is also found in circuses and driving competitions.

Frisian horses
It has no brands

🐎Features of Frisian horses

The Frisian horse breed is known for its beautiful black fur and its thick, long mane and tail. These horses generally have no markings, but can still be recorded as purebred, although they show a small star on the forehead.

Another beautiful feature of Frisian are the feathers on the underside of the legs. This feather is left uncut on purpose by horse breeders and owners.

These horses have an extraordinary muscular and compact body. They have a thin head with a thick arched neck. And you can find two types of conformation in this race, which are the modern sport type and the classic heavy type.

Another outstanding feature of the Frisian horse is its very long hair and tail. These are never cut and often reach the ground. The breed also has abundant feathers and long hairs that extend from the middle of the leg. The color is always black, and only a white star is allowed on the forehead. The head of the Frisian is quite tall and the face is expressive. The neck is worn fairly vertically and is low. The legs and chambers are muscular but soft. He has 15 hands and has an excellent disposition.

Frisian horses
You can increase your strength with grain ration

🏇Care of Frisian horses

Frisians need a lot of cleaning to look their best, as they have very thick hair and a tail and ‘feathers’ at the bottom of their legs. Methods of caring for them include:

Feathers at the bottom of the legs: To make your ‘feathers’ look tidy and to show off your legs, cut your hair behind the knee and at the front of the barrel bone. You have to keep the hair around the peto and below, but trim the feathers that drag too much soil. To make the tail look good, cut the bottom evenly around the height of the fetlock to prevent it from crawling on the ground.

Tail: If the tail is not as long, cut it evenly at the lowest point with enough hair so that the tail remains thick to the bottom.

Hair: Frisian hair is usually left long, but do not cut it at the bottom because it will not be uniform. It is best to straighten the hair, that is, remove the longer hairs until they reach the desired length. You need to do this often enough to keep it at the desired length.

Frisian horses
He is big and his hair is extra long

♣ Colors of Frisian horses

The Frisian horse is beautiful and majestic. It seems that while all horses are loved, horses with flowing manes and tails seem to draw a lot of attention. The Frisian horse is large and the extra long hair breeds and beautiful feathers of the legs are combined with their disposition of gentle nature to make them very popular.

Most of the Frisian horses you will personally find will be black. In fact, they should be pure black with no white marks.

The breed standard for Frisian horses has been set to prefer all black horses with only one very small star allowed. Registered purebred Frisian horses must not have socks, paint marks or white stripes on their face.

Instead, the Frisians should be a beautiful pure black. The tone can vary from a muted red to a bluish black, depending on the horse and the time of year.

Black is the color defined by the breed for Frisian horses. In fact, a stallion cannot be approved for breeding if it is not black homozygous, but this was not always the case.

Before genetic color testing of fur was available for horses, some Frisians were born chestnut. These horses, called Frisian “foxes,” were no less of purebred.

Although they had two black parents, if both parents were heterozygous for the red gene, each foal had a 25% chance of being born red.

Frisian day
It has great strength and endurance

25% is not much, but it is enough that there are several red fries. Fresian’s horse study book, FPS, began requiring mandatory color testing for stallions to ensure that no additional brown horses were produced.

Purebred chestnut fries may be born, but they are not eligible to register on any of the major Friesian horse registries.

🍎White Frisian HORSES

A beautiful pure white Frisian named Nero was exhibited at Equitana in 2007. But if Frisian horses only come in black, and rarely chestnut, how about a pure white Frisian?

Nero is exceptionally beautiful, but not of Frisian descent. It is rather, 75% Frisian and 25% Arabic. According to EuroDressage, a Dutch family living in Germany received permission from the Queen of the Netherlands to raise purebred Friesian mares on a gray Arabian stallion.

The idea behind this mating was to introduce new blood into the Frisian genetic group, which would otherwise be limited. One of the resulting foals, a foal named Negus, was born gray instead of black.

It wasn’t until the half-Arab and half-Frisian stallion, Negus, got a new owner that he was trained to ride and eventually bred with purebred Friesian mares. Nero, the white Frisian who surprised the public in Equitana, was the result of one of these crosses.

Frisian day
Increase your strength with grain mix


There are many other horses that may look like Frisian breed, but are other colors like paint, pinto, Piebald, skewbald, palomino, front and even dun. All of these horses may look like Frisians, but in fact they are, at most, crossbred horses.

This, of course, makes them no less beautiful or impressive to look at.

♟Feeding of Frisian horses

There are some important food facts that are worth knowing. First, they have no alfalfa hay in Holland. Alfalfa is not recommended to be fed to Friesian as it is very rich in protein for them. Most alfalfa hay contains 12-14% protein, but some reach 22%. Hay that is high in protein should only be fed to Broodmares, or horses that are at extremely high levels of work.

Be careful, especially with imports that have never been fed alfalfa before. Some Frisians even have allergic reactions to hay, or all the extra protein is converted into sugar and then fat. The suggested diet for a Frisian is good quality hay hay. The general rule of feeding horses for an average horse in a minimum job is about 18 pounds of hay per 1000 pounds of body weight per day.

It can increase the energy of a Frisian by feeding small amounts of a simple mixture of grains. Also remember to provide trace minerals / blocks of salt and plenty of water. Very important to monitor and control weight. Frisians are horses of large bones and large bones, so it is important not to feed them poorly due to the deceptive bone structure.

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